1 - China is a country of rich history, diverse culture, and stunning scenery.


It is the world’s most populous country, with over 1.4 billion people, and the second-largest economy, with a GDP of $14.7 trillion in 2020.


2 - China is also a major tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors every year who want to explore its ancient wonders, modern cities, and natural beauty.


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One of the most iconic attractions in China is the Great Wall, a massive fortification that stretches for over 21,000 kilometers across the northern border.

The wall was built over several dynasties, starting from the 7th century BC, to protect China from invaders.

The wall offers spectacular views of the mountains and valleys, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


3 - Another must-see attraction in China is the Forbidden City, the former imperial palace in Beijing.

The palace was the home of 24 emperors from the Ming and Qing dynasties, from 1420 to 1912.

It is the largest and best-preserved ancient palace complex in the world, with over 9,000 rooms and halls.

The palace showcases the exquisite architecture, art, and culture of imperial China.


4 - Beijing is not only the capital of China, but also one of its most vibrant and modern cities.

It has a population of over 21 million people, and is a center of politics, culture, and education.

Beijing has many attractions for visitors, such as the Temple of Heaven, the Summer Palace, Tiananmen Square, and the National Museum of China.

Beijing is also famous for its cuisine, especially the Peking duck.


5 - China has many other cities that are worth visiting, each with its own charm and character.

Shanghai is the largest and most cosmopolitan city in China, with a skyline that rivals New York or Hong Kong.

Shanghai is known for its shopping, nightlife, and historical landmarks, such as the Bund, Yu Garden, and the Oriental Pearl TV Tower.

6 - Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China that has a unique blend of East and West.

Hong Kong is a global financial hub and a cultural melting pot, with attractions such as Victoria Peak, Disneyland, and the Star Ferry.

7 - Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan province and the home of the giant pandas.

Chengdu is a city of leisure and gastronomy, where visitors can enjoy spicy hot pot, tea houses, and panda sanctuaries.


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8 - China is not only a country of cities, but also a country of natural wonders.

China has a diverse geography that ranges from deserts to grasslands, from mountains to rivers.

Some of the most scenic places in China include the Yellow Mountains in Anhui province,

which are famous for their pine trees, clouds, and sunrise;

9 - the Li River in Guangxi province, which flows through a landscape of karst peaks and rice paddies;

10 - the Zhangjiajie National Forest Park in Hunan province, which inspired the movie Avatar with its towering sandstone pillars;

11 - and the Jiuzhaigou Valley in Sichuan province, which boasts colorful lakes, waterfalls, and forests.


12 - The flag of China is a symbol of its history and culture.

It features a red background with a large yellow five-pointed star and four smaller yellow five-pointed stars in the upper hoist-side corner.

The flag was adopted on October 1st 1949 when the People’s Republic of China was founded.

The red color represents the communist revolution and the blood of martyrs who fought for it.

The large star represents the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the unity of all Chinese people under it.

The four smaller stars represent the four social classes in China: workers, peasants, intellectuals, and patriots.


13 - China belongs to the continent of Asia.

It is located in East Asia and covers an area of about 9.6 million square kilometers.

It borders 14 countries by land: Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia,

Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, North Korea (DPRK), Pakistan (POK), Russia (Siberia), Tajikistan (Pamir), Vietnam;

as well as maritime borders with Brunei (South China Sea), Indonesia (South China Sea), Japan (East China Sea),

Malaysia (South China Sea), Philippines (South China Sea), South Korea (Yellow Sea), Taiwan (Taiwan Strait), Thailand (Gulf Of Thailand) .

China has a coastline of about 18 thousand kilometers along the Pacific Ocean.


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14 - China’s economy is one of the fastest-growing and most influential in the world.

It has been undergoing a transition from a planned economy to a market economy since 1978 when it initiated economic reforms under Deng Xiaoping.

Since then it has achieved remarkable growth rates averaging over 9 percent annually,

lifting hundreds of millions of people out of poverty and becoming the world’s largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods.

China’s economy is driven by a combination of private investment, exports, domestic consumption, and government spending.

It is also a leader in innovation and technology, especially in fields such as artificial intelligence, e-commerce, and renewable energy.


15 - The currency of China is the Chinese yuan (also called renminbi).

The yuan is divided into 10 jiao and 100 fen. The currency code for the yuan is CNY and the symbol is ¥.

The yuan is issued by the People’s Bank of China, the central bank of the country.

The exchange rate of the yuan is determined by a managed floating system,

which means that the value of the yuan is influenced by market forces but also subject to government intervention.

The current exchange rate as of October 2023 is about 7.18 yuan per US dollar.


16 - The country code for China is +86.

This means that if you want to call China from another country,

you need to dial the international access code (such as 00 or 011) followed by 86 and then the local phone number.

The local phone number may have 8 to 12 digits, depending on the area code.

For example, if you want to call Beijing, you need to dial +86 10 followed by an eight-digit number.


17 - The pronunciation of China in Chinese is Zhōngguó (中國), which means “Middle Kingdom” or “Central State”.

The word China comes from the Sanskrit word Cīna, which was used by ancient Indian traders to refer to the Qin dynasty (221-206 BC), the first imperial dynasty of China.

The word Cīna was later adopted by other languages, such as Persian, Greek, Latin, and Arabic, and eventually became China in English.


18 - The abbreviation for China is CN or CHN.

CN is the two-letter country code according to ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 standard,

which is widely used for internet domains, vehicle registration plates, and international organizations.

CHN is the three-letter country code according to ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 standard, which is mainly used for sports events and statistics.


19 - China has land borders with 14 countries: Afghanistan (76 km), Bhutan (470 km), India (3,380 km),

Kazakhstan (1,765 km), Kyrgyzstan (1,063 km), Laos (475 km), Mongolia (4,630 km), Myanmar (2,185 km),

Nepal (1,415 km), North Korea (1,352 km), Pakistan (438 km), Russia (3,645 km), Tajikistan (477 km), and Vietnam (1,297 km).

China also has maritime borders with Brunei, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand.


- China has many best places to visit for tourists who want to experience its diverse culture and scenery.

Some of the most popular destinations include:


20 - Xi’an: The ancient capital of China and the starting point of the Silk Road.

Xi’an is famous for its Terracotta Army, a collection of over 8 thousand life-sized statues of soldiers

and horses that were buried with the first emperor of China in the 3rd century BC.


21 - Guilin: A city in Guangxi province that is renowned for its picturesque landscape of karst hills along the Li River.

Guilin is a popular destination for hiking, biking, boating, and photography.


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22 - Lhasa: The capital of Tibet Autonomous Region and the spiritual center of Tibetan Buddhism.

Lhasa is home to many sacred sites, such as the Potala Palace, the former residence of the Dalai Lama;

the Jokhang Temple, the holiest temple in Tibet;

and the Barkhor Street, a bustling market and pilgrimage circuit.


23 - Sanya: A city in Hainan province that is known as the “Hawaii of China”.

Sanya has a tropical climate and offers many attractions for beach lovers, such as Yalong Bay, Dadonghai Beach, Tianya Haijiao (“End of the Earth”), and Wuzhizhou Island.


24 - Harbin: A city in Heilongjiang province that is famous for its winter festival and ice sculptures.

Harbin hosts the annual Harbin International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival from December to February,

which features spectacular displays of ice lanterns, snow sculptures, ice slides, and ice castles.


- China has many beaches that are ideal for relaxing and enjoying the sun and sea.

Some of the most popular beaches in China include:


25 - Yalong Bay: A crescent-shaped bay in Sanya that has a 7-kilometer-long white sand beach and clear blue water.

Yalong Bay is one of the best beaches in China for swimming, snorkeling, diving.


26 - More about surfing, sailing, and windsurfing in China.

China has some good spots for these water sports, especially in Hainan Island, which is a tropical island in the South China Sea.

Hainan has a warm climate, consistent waves, and sandy beaches that attract many surfers and travelers.


27 - One of the most popular surfing beaches in Hainan is Riyue Bay, which is located in Wanning City.

Riyue Bay has a long and wide beach break that offers different types of waves for all levels of surfers.

Riyue Bay also hosts several professional surfing events, such as the ISA World Longboard Surfing Championship and the WSL World Longboard Tour.


28 - Another surfing beach in Hainan is Houhai Beach, which is located in Sanya City.

Houhai Beach has a reef break that produces powerful and hollow waves for experienced surfers.

Houhai Beach is also a good place to enjoy the local culture and nightlife, as it has many bars, restaurants, and shops nearby.


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29 - Sailing and windsurfing are also popular activities in China, especially in coastal cities such as Qingdao, Shanghai, and Xiamen.

These cities have large harbors, marinas, and yacht clubs that offer sailing and windsurfing courses, rentals, and tours.

Sailing and windsurfing enthusiasts can enjoy the scenic views of the city skyline, the islands, and the sea while practicing their skills on the water.


30 - More about the culture of China.

China has a rich and diverse culture that has been influenced by thousands of years of history, philosophy, religion, and art.

Some of the main aspects of Chinese culture are:


Ceramics: China is famous for its pottery and porcelain, which have been produced since ancient times.

Chinese ceramics are known for their exquisite shapes, colors, patterns, and techniques.

Some of the most famous types of Chinese ceramics are blue and white porcelain, celadon, sancai, and Yixing teapots.

Architecture: China has a long and varied architectural history, ranging from ancient palaces and temples to modern skyscrapers and bridges.

Chinese architecture reflects the cultural values, beliefs, and aesthetics of different dynasties and regions.

Some of the most distinctive features of Chinese architecture are the use of wooden structures, curved roofs, courtyards, gardens, and feng shui principles.

Music: China has a rich musical heritage that spans from folk songs and instruments to classical music and opera.

Chinese music is based on a pentatonic scale and uses various types of stringed, wind, and percussion instruments.

Some of the most popular instruments are the erhu, pipa, guzheng, dizi, and gong.

Chinese opera is a comprehensive art form that combines music, singing, acting, acrobatics, and costumes.

Literature: China has a long and influential literary tradition that dates back to the Shang dynasty (1600–1046 BC).

Chinese literature includes various genres such as poetry, prose, fiction, drama, and essays.

Some of the most famous works of Chinese literature are the Four Great Classical Novels

(Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Journey to the West, Dream of the Red Chamber,

and Water Margin), the Analects of Confucius, the Tao Te Ching of Laozi, and the Book of Songs.

Martial arts: China is the birthplace of many martial arts styles that have spread around the world.

Martial arts are not only a form of physical exercise and self-defense, but also a way of cultivating one’s mind and spirit.

Some of the most well-known martial arts are kung fu (wushu), tai chi (taijiquan), qigong (chi kung), shaolin (shaolinquan), wing chun (yong chun), and jeet kune do.

Cuisine: China has one of the most diverse and delicious cuisines in the world.

Chinese cuisine is influenced by the geography, climate, history, and culture of different regions and ethnic groups.

There are eight major regional cuisines in China: Shandong (Lu), Sichuan (Chuan), Guangdong (Yue),

Fujian (Min), Jiangsu (Su), Zhejiang (Zhe), Hunan (Xiang), and Anhui (Hui).

Chinese cuisine is also known for its use of various ingredients, seasonings, cooking methods, and utensils.


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China Flag | History, Currency, Cities, Landmarks, Tourism, population


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National Anthem of China

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