Beijing: Exploring the Dynamic Capital of China,


Beijing, known as Běijīng in Chinese (pinyin) or Peking, stands proudly as the capital city of the People's Republic of China.


With a population exceeding 21 million residents, it holds the distinction of being the world's most populous national capital.


Located in Northern China, Beijing is a bustling metropolis governed as a municipality under the direct administration of the State Council,


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with a diverse range of urban, suburban, and rural districts.

Together with the neighboring provinces of Hebei and Tianjin, Beijing forms the Jingjinji megalopolis and serves as the national capital region of China.

As a global city, Beijing plays a vital role in various domains, ranging from culture, diplomacy, and politics to finance, business, education, and research.

It serves as a major center for media, sport, science, technology, and transportation. With its status as a megacity,

Beijing ranks as the second-largest city in China in terms of urban population, just after Shanghai.


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The city proudly hosts the headquarters of numerous prominent state-owned companies and boasts the highest

number of Fortune Global 500 companies in the world.

Additionally, it is a crucial hub for China's national highway, expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks.

The Beijing Capital International Airport, consistently ranking as the second busiest in the world for passenger

traffic, and the city's extensive subway network, the busiest and longest in the world, further underline Beijing's

significance as a global transportation hub. Notably, the Beijing Daxing International Airport,

the largest single-structure airport terminal globally, has augmented the city's aviation capabilities.

Beijing seamlessly blends modern and traditional architectural styles, serving as one of the oldest cities in the

world with a history dating back over three millennia.

As the last of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, it has been the political center for the majority of the past eight centuries.

At various points in history, it also held the distinction of being the world's most populous city.

Surrounded by mountains on three sides and fortified by inner and outer city walls, Beijing was ideally

positioned to serve as the imperial capital.

Today, it is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, parks, gardens, tombs, walls, and gates.

The city's historical treasures, along with its vibrant modern developments, contribute to Beijing's status as one

of the world's most important tourist destinations.

In fact, Beijing ranked as the second-highest earning tourist city globally in 2018, just after Shanghai.

The city proudly boasts seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the iconic Forbidden City, Temple of

Heaven, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs, Zhoukoudian, and sections of the Great Wall and the Grand Canal.

Visitors are captivated by the charm of the traditional siheyuans (courtyard houses) and hutongs (narrow alleys)

that are scattered throughout urban Beijing.


Beijing, Capital of China, Exploring the Dynamic Capital of China - Where Tradition Meets Innovation


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Beijing's esteemed public universities account for more than one-fifth of Double First-Class Universities in

China, with many consistently ranking among the best in the Asia-Pacific region and globally.

The city holds the distinction of being home to two of the best C9 League universities, Tsinghua University and

Peking University, in the Asia & Oceania region and emerging countries.

Furthermore, Beijing CBD (Central Business District) serves as a hub for the city's economic expansion,

with the ongoing construction and completion of multiple skyscrapers.

The Zhongguancun area, also known as China's Silicon Valley, is at the forefront of scientific and technological

innovation, as well as entrepreneurship.

Since 2016, Beijing has been recognized as the city with the largest scientific research output by the Nature Index.

The city has successfully hosted numerous international and national sporting events, most notably the 2008

Summer Olympics and Paralympics.

In a historic accomplishment, Beijing became the first city to host both the Summer and Winter Olympics, as well

as the Summer and Winter Paralympics, in 2022.

Beijing's international status is further solidified by the presence of 175 foreign embassies and the headquarters

of various esteemed organizations, such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the Shanghai

Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Silk Road Fund, the Chinese Academy of Sciences,

the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,

the Central Academy of Fine Arts, the Central Academy of Drama,

the Central Conservatory of Music, and the Red Cross Society of China.

Beijing stands as a city where tradition and innovation coexist harmoniously.

Its rich history, cultural heritage, and global significance make it a captivating destination for both domestic and

international visitors.

Whether exploring its ancient treasures or witnessing its cutting-edge advancements,

Beijing offers a truly immersive experience that showcases the dynamism of China's capital city.


Beijing is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites that showcase the city's rich history and cultural



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Here are some of the notable UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Beijing:

The Great Wall: A monumental structure that stretches across China, with some of the most well-preserved

sections located near Beijing.

It is an iconic symbol of Chinese civilization and a remarkable architectural feat.

The Forbidden City: Located in the heart of Beijing, the Forbidden City served as the imperial palace during the

Ming and Qing dynasties.

It is an extraordinary example of traditional Chinese palatial architecture and a testament to the country's

imperial history.

Temple of Heaven: A sacred complex where emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties performed rituals to pray

for good harvests.

It consists of various structures, including the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, which is renowned for its

magnificent architectural design.

Summer Palace: A vast imperial garden that served as a retreat for emperors during the summer months. It

features stunning pavilions, halls, temples, and a serene lake, showcasing the harmonious integration of nature

and architecture.

Ming Tombs: Located on the outskirts of Beijing, the Ming Tombs are the final resting place of 13 emperors of the

Ming Dynasty.

The tombs exhibit exquisite craftsmanship and provide insights into imperial burial customs.

Zhoukoudian: Situated approximately 50 kilometers southwest of Beijing, Zhoukoudian is an archaeological site

that contains significant fossils and evidence of early human evolution.

It is known for the discovery of "Peking Man," which revolutionized the understanding of human evolution.

These UNESCO World Heritage Sites not only attract tourists from around the world but also contribute to the

preservation and appreciation of Beijing's historical and cultural heritage.

When visiting the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Beijing, it's important to be aware of certain rules and

regulations to ensure a respectful and enjoyable experience.

Here are some general guidelines:

Ticket and entry regulations: Most UNESCO sites in Beijing require an entrance ticket for access.

It's advisable to purchase tickets in advance or be prepared for potential queues during peak tourist seasons.

Respect cultural and historical significance:

These sites hold immense cultural and historical value, so it's important to show respect and observe proper


Follow any instructions or guidelines provided by staff or signage.

Dress modestly:

To show respect for the cultural heritage, it is recommended to dress modestly when visiting religious or sacred

sites within the UNESCO sites. Avoid wearing revealing clothing or attire that may be considered disrespectful.

No touching or vandalism:

Do not touch or remove any artifacts, structures, or exhibits within the UNESCO sites.

Vandalism or damaging the sites is strictly prohibited and can result in legal consequences.

Photography rules:

While photography is generally allowed, specific sites may have restrictions on photography, especially in

certain areas or within museums or exhibition halls.

Pay attention to signage or instructions regarding photography.

No smoking or littering:

Smoking is usually not permitted within the sites, and littering is strictly prohibited.

Dispose of trash in designated bins to help maintain the cleanliness and preservation of the sites.

Follow designated paths:

Stick to designated paths and walkways to ensure the preservation of the sites and to avoid causing damage to

fragile areas.

Be mindful of noise:

Keep noise levels to a minimum, especially in areas where silence or tranquility is encouraged, such as temples

or meditation spaces.

Follow safety guidelines:

Pay attention to safety guidelines and warnings, especially when visiting sites with uneven terrain, steep steps,

or potential hazards.

It's always helpful to check the specific rules and regulations for each UNESCO World Heritage Site in Beijing

before your visit.

This can be done by visiting their official websites or seeking information from local tourism authorities or on-site staff.

Respecting the rules and regulations ensures the preservation of these invaluable sites for future generations

and contributes to a positive visitor experience.


Beijing, Capital of China, Exploring the Dynamic Capital of China - Where Tradition Meets Innovation


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